A principal interest is engagement in the cash economy. There are several challenges. First, many northerners take more than one job during the course of 12 months to make ends meet. This makes it difficult to estimate total time worked or total income from jobs. Second, there can be significant self-employment, or casual employment such as making crafts or child care that people may not consider in their count of time worked or estimated income. Third, many households have non-wage income, thus complicating the estimation of wage income, either individually or for the household as a whole. Finally, the questions asked are a compromise between the purposes of SLiCA and the purposes of the Canadian Aboriginal Peoples Survey.
SLiCA employment questions include information about the job worked the most hours by the respondent in the past twelve months. This was an attempt to be able to characterize the occupation and employment of a single, "most important" job. SLiCA does not include a question on total weeks worked on all jobs, or even the most important job. SLiCA does include a respondent estimate of wage income for all household members and personal income for the respondent individually. Thus neither estimate can be assumed to indicate the job income of the respondent.
Variables (many of which are discussed below) include:
RJOB: Respondent had a job in previous 21 months.
RFTEMP: Respondent had a full time job in previous 12 months.
RPTEMP: Respondent had a part time job in previous 12 months.
RESPEMP: Respondent employment summary.
C12: Hours worked per week on longest-held job.
C12r: Grouped values of C12 (under 38, 38-40, over 40).
C9r1: Grouped values of occupation using modified version of US Census25-category grouping
C9r2 12-Category grouping of occupation
C18: Experienced period of not having a job and wanting one in last five years.
FTEMP: Number of adults in household employed full time
PTEMP: Number of adults in household employed part time
NREMP: Number of adults other than the respondent in household employed full time in previous 12 months.
AVFTEMP: Number of adults employed full time per adult
NRFTEMAV: Number of adults employed full time per adult
AVPTEMP: Number of adults employed part time per adult
NRPTEMAV: Number of adults employed part time per adult
HHEMP One or more hh members employed in last year
DOLPERHR: Respondent's hourly wage based on hours
DOLPRHRR: Grouped values of respondent's estimated
PERINC: Grouped values of E22 total personal income.
HHINCOME: Sum of household income responses (E17 to E21).
HHINCOMR: Grouped values of HHINCOME.
HHINC: High versus Low household income (above and below $45,576.)
HHWAGE: High versus Low household wage (above and
HHSELFEM Grouped values of household self-employment income (e18) (under $30K, #30K or more)
HHEARN Sum of e17,e18,e19 = earned income
HHEARNR Grouped values of HHEARN 7500 'under 15000' 22500 '15000-29999' 40000 '30000 thru 49999' 110000 '50000 and over'
EARNPCT Percent of income that is earned
was respondent employed full time in past 12 months?
FTEMP Number of adults in household employed full time in past 12 months
NREMP Number of adults other than respondent employed full time in past 12 months.
RFTEMP was respondent employed full time in past 12 months
AVFTEMP average months adults in hh employed full time in past 12 months
NRFTEMAV average months adults other than respondent employed full time in past 12 months
PTEMP number of adults in hh employed part time in past 12 months
NRPTEMP Number of adults other than respondent employed part time in past 12 months
RPTEMP Respondent employed part time in past 12 months.
AVPTEMAV average months adults in hh employed part time in past 12 months
NRPTEMAV average months adults other than respondent employed part time in past 12 months
RESPEMP respondent employment summary