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Employment

A principal interest is engagement in the cash economy. There are several challenges. First, many northerners take more than one job during the course of 12 months to make ends meet. This makes it difficult to estimate total time worked or total income from jobs. Second, there can be significant self-employment, or casual employment such as making crafts or child care that people may not consider in their count of time worked or estimated income. Third, many households have non-wage income, thus complicating the estimation of wage income, either individually or for the household as a whole. Finally, the questions asked are a compromise between the purposes of SLiCA and the purposes of the Canadian Aboriginal Peoples Survey.

SLiCA employment questions include information about the job worked the most hours by the respondent in the past twelve months. This was an attempt to be able to characterize the occupation and employment of a single, "most important" job. SLiCA does not include a question on total weeks worked on all jobs, or even the most important job. SLiCA does include a respondent estimate of wage income for all household members and personal income for the respondent individually. Thus neither estimate can be assumed to indicate the job income of the respondent.

Variables (many of which are discussed below) include:

RJOB: Respondent had a job in previous 21 months.

RFTEMP: Respondent had a full time job in previous 12 months.

RPTEMP: Respondent had a part time job in previous 12 months.

RESPEMP: Respondent employment summary.

C12: Hours worked per week on longest-held job.

C12r: Grouped values of C12 (under 38, 38-40, over 40).

C9: Occupation

C9r1: Grouped values of occupation using modified version of US Census25-category grouping

C9r2 12-Category grouping of occupation
1 'managers' 2 'education-socsvc-media' 3 'health-safety' 4 'food-cleaning-maint' 5 'personal care childcare' 6 'sales' 7 'office support' 8 'crafts-hf' 9 'skilled constr' 10 'unskilled const' 11 'extraction-transp-repair' 12 'other'

C18: Experienced period of not having a job and wanting one in last five years.

FTEMP: Number of adults in household employed full time
in previous 12 months.

PTEMP: Number of adults in household employed part time
in previous 12 months.

NREMP: Number of adults other than the respondent in household employed full time in previous 12 months.

AVFTEMP: Number of adults employed full time per adult
household member (to normalize household employment
to differences in household size).

NRFTEMAV: Number of adults employed full time per adult
household member other than respondent (to normalize household employment to differences in household size).

AVPTEMP: Number of adults employed part time per adult
household member (to normalize household employment
to differences in household size).

NRPTEMAV: Number of adults employed part time per adult
household member other than respondent (to normalize household employment to differences in household size).

HHEMP One or more hh members employed in last year

DOLPERHR: Respondent's hourly wage based on hours
worked per week and respondent's total income from
all sources (note: this income figure would include Native
corporation dividends and other types of income in addition
to wage income).

DOLPRHRR: Grouped values of respondent's estimated
hourly wage (see cautionary note above).

PERINC: Grouped values of E22 total personal income.

HHINCOME: Sum of household income responses (E17 to E21).

HHINCOMR: Grouped values of HHINCOME.

HHINC: High versus Low household income (above and below $45,576.)

HHWAGE: High versus Low household wage (above and
below $30,000)

HHSELFEM Grouped values of household self-employment income (e18) (under $30K, #30K or more)

HHEARN Sum of e17,e18,e19 = earned income

HHEARNR Grouped values of HHEARN 7500 'under 15000' 22500 '15000-29999' 40000 '30000 thru 49999' 110000 '50000 and over'

EARNPCT Percent of income that is earned

 

was respondent employed full time in past 12 months?

Frequency

Percent

Valid Percent

Cumulative Percent

Valid

no

295

44.5

44.5

44.5

yes

368

55.5

55.5

100.0

Total

663

100.0

100.0

FTEMP Number of adults in household employed full time in past 12 months

Frequency

Percent

Valid Percent

Cumulative Percent

Valid

.00

158

23.8

23.8

23.8

1.00

283

42.7

42.7

66.5

2.00

193

29.1

29.1

95.6

3.00

24

3.6

3.6

99.2

4.00

3

.5

.5

99.7

5.00

2

.3

.3

100.0

Total

663

100.0

100.0

 

NREMP Number of adults other than respondent employed full time in past 12 months.

Frequency

Percent

Valid Percent

Cumulative Percent

Valid

.00

337

50.8

50.8

50.8

1.00

268

40.4

40.4

91.3

2.00

49

7.4

7.4

98.6

3.00

7

1.1

1.1

99.7

4.00

2

.3

.3

100.0

Total

663

100.0

100.0

RFTEMP was respondent employed full time in past 12 months

Frequency

Percent

Valid Percent

Cumulative Percent

Valid

no

295

44.5

44.5

44.5

yes

368

55.5

55.5

100.0

Total

663

100.0

100.0

 

AVFTEMP average months adults in hh employed full time in past 12 months

Frequency

Percent

Valid Percent

Cumulative Percent

Valid

.00

158

23.8

23.8

23.8

.17

1

.2

.2

24.0

.20

5

.8

.8

24.7

.25

24

3.6

3.6

28.4

.33

53

8.0

8.0

36.3

.40

4

.6

.6

37.0

.50

164

24.7

24.7

61.7

.60

4

.6

.6

62.3

.67

45

6.8

6.8

69.1

.75

10

1.5

1.5

70.6

.83

1

.2

.2

70.7

1.00

194

29.3

29.3

100.0

Total

663

100.0

100.0

NRFTEMAV average months adults other than respondent employed full time in past 12 months

Frequency

Percent

Valid Percent

Cumulative Percent

Valid

.00

383

57.8

57.8

57.8

1.00

280

42.2

42.2

100.0

Total

663

100.0

100.0

PTEMP number of adults in hh employed part time in past 12 months

Frequency

Percent

Valid Percent

Cumulative Percent

Valid

.00

284

42.8

42.8

42.8

1.00

274

41.3

41.3

84.2

2.00

79

11.9

11.9

96.1

3.00

22

3.3

3.3

99.4

4.00

2

.3

.3

99.7

5.00

1

.2

.2

99.8

6.00

1

.2

.2

100.0

Total

663

100.0

100.0

NRPTEMP Number of adults other than respondent employed part time in past 12 months

Frequency

Percent

Valid Percent

Cumulative Percent

Valid

.00

445

67.1

67.1

67.1

1.00

168

25.3

25.3

92.5

2.00

43

6.5

6.5

98.9

3.00

5

.8

.8

99.7

5.00

2

.3

.3

100.0

Total

663

100.0

100.0

RPTEMP Respondent employed part time in past 12 months.

Frequency

Percent

Valid Percent

Cumulative Percent

Valid

no

425

64.1

64.1

64.1

yes

238

35.9

35.9

100.0

Total

663

100.0

100.0

AVPTEMAV average months adults in hh employed part time in past 12 months

Frequency

Percent

Valid Percent

Cumulative Percent

Valid

.00

284

42.8

42.8

42.8

.17

4

.6

.6

43.4

.20

4

.6

.6

44.0

.25

31

4.7

4.7

48.7

.33

66

10.0

10.0

58.7

.40

10

1.5

1.5

60.2

.50

148

22.3

22.3

82.5

.60

4

.6

.6

83.1

.67

19

2.9

2.9

86.0

.75

5

.8

.8

86.7

.83

1

.2

.2

86.9

1.00

87

13.1

13.1

100.0

Total

663

100.0

100.0

 

NRPTEMAV average months adults other than respondent employed part time in past 12 months

Frequency

Percent

Valid Percent

Cumulative Percent

Valid

.00

484

73.0

73.0

73.0

1.00

179

27.0

27.0

100.0

Total

663

100.0

100.0

 

RESPEMP respondent employment summary

Frequency

Percent

Valid Percent

Cumulative Percent

Valid

not employed last 12 mo

154

23.2

23.2

23.2

employed part time

141

21.3

21.3

44.5

employed full time

368

55.5

55.5

100.0

Total

663

100.0

100.0