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Social Relationships

In sum, the following measures each appear to tap somewhat different concepts related to social relationships:

GENNUM Number of generations present in household

HHSIZE Number of persons present in household

NATIVNAM Sum of social connections of Native name 
(A1a, A1b, A1c, A2, A4)

A38ar to A38gr Reversed scale of A38a-A38r so that 5=all the time and 1=not at all.

SOCSUP1:  Index based on frequency of seven different types of 
support (A38ar-A38gr).

SOCSUP2: Grouped values of SOCSUP1 - 5 categories

A36 Strength of ties with family not living with respondent. 

INTOUCHR Index based on grouped values of frequency of contact 
with family not living with respondent.

 

 

We are principally interested in the strength of social relationships. 
There are four relevant sets of questions: A1-A4,A36, A37a-b, and A38a-g.
Below are details concerning these variables. Based on preliminary 
analyses, these should NOT be treated as measures of the same 
concept. 

Many Inupiat think of their Inupiat name as a connection to their family and a connection to traits they aspire to. This is a quite different
type of social relationship than perceptions of current support.

It appears that people often derive social support as 
measured in A38 from people other than family members who don't 
live with them (A36), as, for example, from family members they do 
live with, from friends or perhaps professionals. A37 responses 
(frequency of phone/email and visits with family not living with R) are 
not highly correlated with each other, which makes sense given 
differences in where other family reside (i.e. next door or in another 
community). At the same time, combining the responses makes 
sense if the goal is to measure frequency of contact regardless of 
whether it is by phone/email or visiting. 


Details on relevant survey questions include:

A36 How strong links to other family

243 Measurement level: Scale Format: F8 Column Width: 8 Alignment: Right Missing Values: 8, 9, 0

Value Label

0 M inappropriate - no other family 1 Very weak 2 Weak 3 Neither weak nor strong 4 Strong 5 Very strong 8 M don't know 9 M not ascertained

A38a-g

People sometimes look to others for companionship, assistance, guidance or other types of support. (HAND R CARD THREE) Could you tell me the number on this card that best fits how often each of the following types of support is available to you when you need it: [CHECK BOX]

A38A Someone to listen to you

A38B Someone to count on for advice

A38C Someone who shows love and affection

A38D Someone to have a good time with

A38E Someone to confide in and talk about problems

A38F Someone to listen to relax with

A38G Someone to listen to do something enjoyable with

Measurement level: Scale Format: F8 Column Width: 8 Alignment: Right Missing Values: 8, 9, 0

Value Label

0 M inappropriate - don't do that 1 All the time 2 Most of the time 3 Some of the time 4 Seldom 5 Not at all 8 M Dont know 9 M Not ascertained

A37a-A37b

(HAND R CARD TWO) During the last month, how often were you in touch with members of your family not living with you by phone or email? Please just tell me the number on this card that best fits.

A37A Contact other relatives last month by phone, email

A37B Visit, visited by other relatives last month

Measurement level: Scale Format: F8 Column Width: 8 Alignment: Right Missing Values: 8, 9, 0

Value Label

1 Never 2 Once 3 Few times 4 More than few times 5 Every day 8 M Dont Know 9 M Not ascertained

SOCSUP1        Index of Strength of Social Support

Syntax:

****** Method 1 (space saver) will be used for this analysis ******

 

 

R E L I A B I L I T Y A N A L Y S I S - S C A L E (S O C S U P 1)

N of

Statistics for Mean Variance Std Dev Variables

SCALE 28.7590 29.9435 5.4721 7

 

 

Reliability Coefficients

N of Cases = 610.0 N of Items = 7

Alpha = .8786

grouped values of socsup1

Frequency

Percent

Valid Percent

Cumulative Percent

Valid

18 or less

49

7.4

7.5

7.5

19-24

119

17.9

18.3

25.8

25-29

162

24.4

24.9

50.8

30-34

216

32.6

33.2

84.0

35

104

15.7

16.0

100.0

Total

650

98.0

100.0

Missing

System

13

2.0

Total

663

100.0

 

Check of agreement with two closely related concepts:

How strong links to other family * grouped values of socsup1 Crosstabulation

% within grouped values of socsup1

This analysis suggests that, while correlated, these are two different concepts. The major difference is likely to be accounted for by support from the family living with the respondent and from friends.

Note: we checked two people who scored high on socsup1 and low on a36. The responses look consistent with the context of the interviews.

 

grouped values of socsup1

Total

18 or less

19-24

25-29

30-34

35

How strong links to other family

Very weak

1.9%

.5%

1.0%

.8%

Weak

8.9%

4.2%

.6%

1.6%

Neither weak nor strong

24.4%

23.7%

17.6%

6.9%

2.9%

13.2%

Strong

35.6%

44.9%

49.1%

46.8%

39.4%

45.0%

Very strong

31.1%

27.1%

30.8%

45.8%

56.7%

39.4%

Total

100.0%

100.0%

100.0%

100.0%

100.0%

100.0%

How strong links to other family * Contact other relatives last month by phone, email

Crosstab

% within Contact other relatives last month by phone, email

 

Contact other relatives last month by phone, email

Total

Never

Once

Few times

More than few times

Every day

How strong links to other family

Very weak

.8%

.4%

1.3%

.8%

Weak

14.3%

5.9%

.4%

1.6%

Neither weak nor strong

28.6%

40.0%

24.4%

14.0%

4.3%

13.2%

Strong

28.6%

30.0%

46.2%

50.9%

39.0%

45.0%

Very strong

28.6%

30.0%

22.7%

34.7%

55.0%

39.5%

Total

100.0%

100.0%

100.0%

100.0%

100.0%

100.0%

Symmetric Measures

Value

Asymp. Std. Error

Approx. T

Approx. Sig.

Ordinal by Ordinal

Gamma

.413

.049

7.864

.000

N of Valid Cases

645

a Not assuming the null hypothesis.

b Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.

How strong links to other family * Visit, visited by other relatives last month

Crosstab

% within Visit, visited by other relatives last month

Visit, visited by other relatives last month

Total

Never

Once

Few times

More than few times

Every day

How strong links to other family

Very weak

7.7%

.4%

.6%

.6%

Weak

3.8%

2.9%

2.8%

1.3%

1.6%

Neither weak nor strong

23.1%

25.7%

21.6%

10.6%

4.1%

13.3%

Strong

50.0%

37.1%

47.7%

48.2%

38.8%

45.0%

Very strong

15.4%

34.3%

27.8%

39.4%

56.5%

39.5%

Total

100.0%

100.0%

100.0%

100.0%

100.0%

100.0%

Symmetric Measures

Value

Asymp. Std. Error

Approx. T

Approx. Sig.

Ordinal by Ordinal

Gamma

.367

.047

7.469

.000

N of Valid Cases

633

a Not assuming the null hypothesis.

b Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.

 

Contact other relatives last month by phone, email * Visit, visited by other relatives last month

Crosstab

% within Visit, visited by other relatives last month

Visit, visited by other relatives last month

Total

Never

Once

Few times

More than few times

Every day

Contact other relatives last month by phone, email

Never

11.5%

2.8%

1.3%

1.8%

2.2%

Once

11.5%

13.9%

.6%

.4%

1.6%

Few times

30.8%

33.3%

30.7%

11.0%

10.0%

18.3%

More than few times

34.6%

47.2%

43.6%

50.4%

29.4%

42.1%

Every day

11.5%

5.6%

22.3%

36.8%

58.8%

35.8%

Total

100.0%

100.0%

100.0%

100.0%

100.0%

100.0%

Symmetric Measures

Value

Asymp. Std. Error

Approx. T

Approx. Sig.

Ordinal by Ordinal

Gamma

.473

.043

10.230

.000

N of Valid Cases

639

a Not assuming the null hypothesis.

b Using the asymptotic standard error assuming the null hypothesis.

sum of a37a and a37b

Frequency

Percent

Valid Percent

Cumulative Percent

Valid

1.00

1

.2

.2

.2

2.00

3

.5

.5

.6

3.00

8

1.2

1.2

1.8

4.00

25

3.8

3.8

5.6

5.00

30

4.5

4.6

10.2

6.00

79

11.9

12.0

22.2

7.00

105

15.8

16.0

38.2

8.00

172

25.9

26.2

64.4

9.00

134

20.2

20.4

84.8

10.00

100

15.1

15.2

100.0

Total

657

99.1

100.0

Missing

System

6

.9

Total

663

100.0

grouped values of intouch

Frequency

Percent

Valid Percent

Cumulative Percent

Valid

1-6

146

22.0

22.2

22.2

7-8

277

41.8

42.2

64.4

9

134

20.2

20.4

84.8

10

100

15.1

15.2

100.0

Total

657

99.1

100.0

Missing

System

6

.9

Total

663

100.0

 

Correlations

sum of a38ar to a38gr

grouped values of socsup1

How strong links to other family

sum of a37a and a37b

grouped values of intouch

sum of a38ar to a38gr

Pearson Correlation

1

.947

.250

.333

.258

Sig. (2-tailed)

.

.000

.000

.000

.000

N

650

650

642

649

649

grouped values of socsup1

Pearson Correlation

.947

1

.272

.321

.256

Sig. (2-tailed)

.000

.

.000

.000

.000

N

650

650

642

649

649

How strong links to other family

Pearson Correlation

.250

.272

1

.320

.300

Sig. (2-tailed)

.000

.000

.

.000

.000

N

642

642

648

647

647

sum of a37a and a37b

Pearson Correlation

.333

.321

.320

1

.909

Sig. (2-tailed)

.000

.000

.000

.

.000

N

649

649

647

657

657

grouped values of intouch

Pearson Correlation

.258

.256

.300

.909

1

Sig. (2-tailed)

.000

.000

.000

.000

.

N

649

649

647

657

657