The term "target population" refers to the definition of the population to be described statistically by the survey results. Our common definition has three parts:
Each country has applied this definition in the context of funding and sample frame constraints.
In Alaska, for example, given the primary focus of the living conditions of Inuit and Saami people and known funding constraints, we defined "indigenous" as those Native people (including Yupik) living in the traditional Iñupiat settlement region to include the North Slope, Northwest Arctic and Bering Straits sub-regions. Our hope is that the Yupik traditional settlement region could be included in a future study.
A number of different indigenous groups live in Chukotka, so the decision was to include in the target population definition all indigenous people 16 and over living in Chukotka. In keeping with the primary focus of the study, however, the Inuit population is sampled at twice the rate of other indigenous populations.
In Sweden, the target population for phase one field work are Saami aged 16 or older who have enrolled on the Sametinget (Saami Parliament) voting list. This list represents an estimated 28 percent of all Saami living in the traditional settlement area, the Samiting Kärområdet. It is hoped that a second sample frame (and additional funding) will permit the Swedish team to construct and use a separate sample frame for Saami not registered to vote for representatives to the Sametinget.
In Canada, the target population includes all Inuit 16 and over residing in the Inuvialuit, Nunavik, Nunavut, and Labrador Inuit regions.
In Greenland, the target population includes all Greenlanders 16 and over.
Please continue with Sample Frames.