Brief motivational interventions for HIV/STI risk reduction among individuals receiving alcohol detoxification
This HIV/STI risk reduction clinical trial implemented in short-term alcohol detoxification employed a randomized block design to evaluate three intervention conditions for feasibility, safety, and potential for changing sexual risk attitudes, motivations, and behavior: 1) non-intervention control (standard HIV information dissemination), 2) brief motivational intervention (BMI) for resolution of ambivalence and sex-risk reduction planning, and 3) BMI with biological feedback based on testing for STI. Findings revealed that BMI can be feasibly implemented during detoxification treatment with individuals with significant substance-impairment. BMI, whether coupled with biological feedback or not, enhanced motivation for increasing behaviors that protect from STI. Sexual risk behavior did not change in any of the groups to a statistically significant degree; however, additional analyses suggest negative biological feedback may have resulted in slightly increased level of sexual activity, undoing behavioral effects of increased motivation for sexual risk reduction, perhaps by distorting participants' perception of risk.