Gunnar Knapp's web site
 
   
I retired from UAA and ISER on July 1, 2016 and am now a professor emeritus. I am continuing some work with ISER on Alaska fiscal policy and fisheries issues. This university website provides links to many (but not all) of my publications and presentations prior to 2014. I am in the process of developing a new and updated personal website which will provide links to my more recent publications and current work.
   
 


Selected Papers and Presentations, by Topic

 
 

Recent Papers and Presentations

  • Comparison of Recent Sport and Commercial Fisheries Economic Studies.   A presentation to the Alaska Legislature’s Cook Inlet Salmon Task Force, January 29, 2009.   Compares two recent studies of the economic impacts of sport fishing and commercial fishing in Alaska. pdf version
  • The Potential for Increasing Production of Fishmeal and Fish Oil from Food Fishery Byproducts:  The Case of Alaska Pollock.  Presentation for the International Fishmeal and Fish Oil Organization (IFFO) 2008 Annual Conference, San Diego, California, October 28, 2008.
    English version  (pdf file, 893 kilobytes)
    Spanish version (pdf file, 2.143 megabytes)
  • The Most Important Things for Alaska Board of Fisheries Members to Know About Economics. Presentation for the Alaska Board of Fisheries, Fairbanks, Alaska, October 9, 2008. pdf version.

 
Salmon Markets
  • The Great Salmon Run:  Competition Between Wild and Farmed Salmon.  A report prepared for TRAFFIC North America and the World Wildlife Fund, together with Professors Cathy Roheim and James L. Anderson of the University of Rhode Island, January 2007.  301 pages.
    Full report (pdf file, 10.069 megabytes)

Selected chapters by Gunnar Knapp:

Ch 2. North American Wild Salmon Resources
Ch 3. North American Wild Salmon Fisheries
Ch 4. The Role of Hatcheries in North American Wild Salmon Production
Ch 6. Overview of World Salmon Markets
Ch 7. Products and Markets for North American Wild Salmon
Ch 8. Overview of U.S. Salmon Consumption
Ch 10. The U.S. Salmon Distribution System
Ch 11. Overview of U.S. Salmon Consumers
Ch 12. Overview of North American Salmon Marketing
Ch 13. Effects of Farmed Salmon on Prices of Wild Salmon
Ch 14. Economic and Social Effects of Changes in Wild Salmon Markets
Ch 19. Effects of Salmon Farming on North American Wild Salmon Resources
Appendix A. Major Data Sources
Appendix B. Methodology for Analysis of Major World Salmon Markets
Appendix C. Methodology for Estimation of United States Salmon Consumption

  • Projections of Future Bristol Bay Salmon Prices Prepared for the Commercial Fisheries Entry Commission, October 2004. This study describes markets for Bristol Bay sockeye salmon products and how market conditions affect ex-vessel prices, and develops forecasts for a likely range of future ex-vessel prices for Bristol Bay sockeye salmon.
    pdf version of Executive Summary (10 pages, 84 kilobytes) pdf version of full report (171 pages, 1.41 megabytes)
  • Estimates of United States Production and Consumption of Salmon. March 2000. Version #1 Html version with links to other pages with graphs illustrating the estimates. This version is recommended for reading on line. 
    Version #2 Html version incorporating graphs illustrating the estimates within a single web page.  This version is recommended for reading as a self-standing document.

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Seafood Markets (General)

  • Globalization and Aquaculture: Challenges, Opportunities, and Questions for the Smoked Seafood Industry. Paper in Donald E. Kramer and Liz Brown, editors, International Smoked Seafood Conference Proceedings, March 5-7, 2007, Anchorage, Alaska, Alaska Sea Grant College Program, University of Alaska Fairbanks, AK-SG-08-02. pdf file (255 kilobytes)
  • An Overview of Alaska Pollock Markets. Presentation for Marine Science in Alaska 2006 Symposium, Anchorage, Alaska, January 24, 2006. pdf file (677 kilobytes)
 
 

Implications of Aquaculture for Wild Fisheries

  • Implications of Aquaculture for Wild Fisheries: The Case of Alaska Wild Salmon. In Richard Arthur and Jochen Nierentz, eds., Global Trade Conference on Aquaculture, 29–31 May 2007, Qingdao, China. FAO Fisheries Proceedings 9. Rome, FAO. 2007
    pdf file(155 kilobytes) FAO website for full conference proceedings

  • Implications of Aquaculture for Wild Fisheries:  The Case of Alaska Wild Salmon.  Presentation for the Bevan Sustainable Fisheries Lecture Series, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, February 10, 2005. 
    pdf version (8.7 megabytes)

  • Implications of Aquaculture for Wild Fisheries:  The Case of Alaska Wild Salmon.  Public lecture for a celebration of “The University of Alaska Anchorage:  The Next 50 Years, Anchorage,Alaska, February 4, 2005.pdf version (8.3 megabytes)
 
  Aquaculture (General)
  • Science, Economics, Politics and the Future of Aquaculture. Plenary address for the Aquaculture America 2008 conference, Orlando, Florida, February 10, 2008. pdf file (2.021 megabytes)
  • Economic Potential for U.S. Offshore Aquaculture.  In Offshore Aquaculture in the United States:  Economic Considerations, Implications and Opportunities.  U.S.  Department of Commerce, National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration.  July 2008. 
    pdf file (250 kilobytes) NOAA aquaculture program website for full report

  • Potential Economic Impacts of U.S. Offshore Aquaculture. In Offshore Aquaculture in the United States: Economic Considerations, Implications and Opportunities. U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration. July 2008. pdf file(184 kilobytes) NOAA aquaculture program website for full report
  • Five Economic Considerations in Thinking About Offshore Aquaculture. Presentation at Pacific Marine Expo, Seattle, Washington, November 12, 2004.
    pdf version of full presentation (12.8 megabytes)
    pdf version of abridged presentation (2.6 megabytes).  In order to reduce the file size, this version of this presentation has been abridged by removing nine slides with scanned press articles illustrating aquaculture developments for a variety of species from around the world.
  • Economic Considerations in Thinking About United States Marine Aquaculture.  Presentation for the NOAA Marine Fisheries Advisory Commission (MAFAC), Juneau, Alaska, August 11, 2004. pdf version
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Alaska
Salmon Management

  • The Chignik Salmon Cooperative.  This is a chapter from a 450-page report published by the FAO and edited by R. Townsend, R. Shotton, and H. Ushida, entitled Case Studies in Fisheries Self-Governance (FAO Fisheries Technical Paper No. 504, Rome, FAO, 2008). pdf version of chapter (211 kilobytes)     FAO website for full report

  • The Chignik Salmon Cooperative:  A Case Study of Allocation to a Voluntary Self-Governance OrganizationJuly 2007.  50 pages. pdf file (371 kilobytes)

  • Selected Economic Effects of the Chignik Salmon Cooperative.  Remarks for the Alaska Board of Fisheries, November 14, 2004. pdf version (69 kilobytes)
  • Effects of the 2002 Chignik Cooperative:  A Survey of Chignik Salmon Permit Holders.  With Darla Siver, Pat DeRoche and Alexandra Hill.  June 2003.  49 pages. pdf file (556 kilobytes)
  • Challenges and Strategies for the Alaska Salmon Industry.  This is a powerpoint presentation (118 slides) which I gave to a number of salmon industry groups during the winter and spring of 2002, discussing challenges facing the Alaska salmon industry and strategies for dealing with them.  Revised April 2002. pdf version
  • Challenges and Strategies for the Alaska Salmon Industry.  This is a 26-page paper in which I discuss challenges facing the Alaska salmon industry and strategies for dealing with them.  Revised December 20, 2001. pdf version

 

 
  Halibut and Sablefish IFQ Program
  • Attitudes of Alaska Halibut Fishermen Towards IFQ Management.  Presentation at the 2000 Meeting of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics and Trade, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon, July 12, 2000.  pdf version (65 kilobytes)
  • Working Papers Reporting on Surveys of Alaska Halibut Fishermen About Effects of IFQ Management.   These papers report on two telephone surveys of Alaska halibut fishermen conducted in 1998 by the Institute of Social and Economic Research (ISER), about the effects of Individual Fishing Quota (IFQ) management of the Alaska halibut fishery. Funding for the surveys was provided by the Alaska Sea Grant College Program.

 Methodology for ISER Surveys of Alaska Halibut Fishermen. PDF. May 1999.

Effects of IFQ Management on Fishing Safety. PDF. May 1999.

Effects of IFQ Management on Resource Conservation. PDF. May 1999.

Unreported Discards of Halibut Under IFQ Management. PDF. May 1999.

  • The First Year of the Alaska IFQ Program: A Survey of Halibut Quota Share Holders.  By Gunnar Knapp and Dan Hull. This report presents the results of a survey of Alaska halibut quota share holders conducted in 1996.
    pdf version of executive summary (16 pages, 429 kilobytes)
    pdf version of full report (135 pages, 4.145 megabytes)
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Crab Rationalization

  • Economic and Social Impacts of BSAI Crab Rationalization on the Communities of King Cove, Akutan and False Pass.  By Gunnar Knapp and Marie Lowe.  Prepared for the Aleutians East Borough and City of King Cove, November 2007.  116 pages.  pdf file (1.987 megabytes)
  • Economic Impacts of BSAI Crab Rationalization on Kodiak Fishing Employment and Earnings and Kodiak Businesses:  A Preliminary Analysis.  Prepared for the City of Kodiak.  June 2006.  52 pages.   pdf file.  (569 kilobytes.)
  • Selected Economic Impacts of Crab Rationalization on Kodiak: Preliminary Results. Presentation at ComFish Alaska 2006, Kodiak, Alaska, March 2006. (For best viewing, I recommend that you right-click the link to the pdf version of this presentation shown below, save it to your computer, and then open the file on your computer. Some internet browsers have problems opening the file directly, which is what happens if you double-click on the file) .
    pdf version (1.3 megabytes)
 
 

Fisheries Economic Impacts and Value

  • The Economic Importance of the Bristol Bay Salmon Industry. By Gunnar Knapp, Mouhcine Guetttabi and Scott Goldsmith, April 2013.
  • Comparison of Recent Sport and Commercial Fisheries Economic Studies.   A presentation to the Alaska Legislature’s Cook Inlet Salmon Task Force, January 29, 2009.   Compares two recent studies of the economic impacts of sport fishing and commercial fishing in Alaska.   pdf version

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Alaska Economy

  • Four Alaska Innovations.  A talk for the Board of Directors of the Federal Reserve Bank of
    San Francisco and its Seattle Branch, Anchorage, Alaska, July 11, 2007.  pdf file (39 kilobytes)

  • Twenty-Five Observations on Alaska Economic Trends and Arctic Economic Development.  Presentation for Arctic Economic Development Summit, Barrow, Alaska, February 2, 2005.pdf version
 
 

Other Topics

 

  • The Potential for Increasing Production of Fishmeal and Fish Oil from Food Fishery Byproducts:  The Case of Alaska Pollock.  Presentation for the International Fishmeal and Fish Oil Organization (IFFO) 2008 Annual Conference, San Diego, California, October 28, 2008.
    English version  (pdf file, 893 kilobytes)
    Spanish version (pdf file, 2.143 megabytes)
  • An Introduction to the Russian Far East.. This is a presentation for the Russia-in-Asia faculty development workshop held at the University of Alaska Anchorage, May 23, 2006. pdf version
  • Oil Spills and Fisheries Markets: Potential Effects and Mitigation Strategies. Presentation to the Aleutian Life Forum on Effects of Oil on Oil Fisheries, Unalaska, Alaska, August 2005.
    pdf version (1 megabyte)
  • Change, Challenges and Opportunities for Wild Fisheries.This is a slightly modified version of a 56-slide powerpoint presentation which I gave in Reykjavik, Iceland on September 20, 2002. pdf version
  • Implications of Aquaculture for Wild Fisheries: The Case of Alaska Wild Salmon.  This is a 77-slide powerpoint presentation which I gave at a meeting of the International Institute of Fisheries Economics and Trade (IIFET) in Wellington, New Zealand, August 22, 2002.  pdf version
  • Five Principles for Economic Comparisons of Commercial and Sport Fisheries .  April 2001.  As an Alaska economist interested in fisheries, I have seen a number of different economic comparisons of commercial and sport fisheries. I have frequently found these comparisons misleading. Even when the economic analysis is technically correct, it is all-too-easy to draw misleading conclusions. In this short paper, I suggest five principles for economic comparisons of commercial and sport fisheries. These principles do not relate to the many complicated technical issues in calculating economic impacts and value. Rather, they relate to how these measures of economic impacts and value should be interpreted and used.
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  Click here to hear Gunnar Knapp singing the Alaska Flag Song, accompanied by the East High School String Quartet, at a celebration of the Fiftieth Anniversary of the Alaska Constitutional Convention, Anchorage Museum of History and Art, November 8, 2005 (mp3 file)  
 
Institute of Social and Economic Research